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Слово "discretion". Англо-русский словарь Мюллера

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  1. discretion [dɪsˈkreʃən]существительное
    1. благоразумие, осторожность;
      the years of discretion возраст (в Англии - 14 лет), с которого человек считается ответственным за свои поступки;
      to act with discretion вести себя осторожно, благоразумно;
      to show discretion проявлять благоразумие

      Примеры использования

      1. "Oh, I quite rely on your discretion," said Denzil hastily. "You know your own business best. But if you succeed in identifying Berwin, will you let me know?"
        – Полагаюсь на ваш здравый смысл, – протянул Дензил. – Вы отлично знаете свое дело, но если все же выясните, кем на самом деле был мистер Бервин, вы сообщите мне?
        Безмолвный дом. Фергюс Хьюм, стр. 30
      2. What arises from discretion must be honoured."
        Ту же, что подсказана благоразумием, надлежит уважать.
        Эмма. Джейн Остин, стр. 150
      3. A single word had stripped him of his discretion—of that discretion which is more necessary to the decencies of our inner being than clothing is to the decorum of our body.
        Одно-единственное слово лишило его сдержанности – той сдержанности, которая для пристойности нашего внутреннего «я» более необходима, чем одежда для нашего тела.
        Лорд Джим. Джозеф Конрад, стр. 66
    2. свобода действий; усмотрение;
      the instructions leave me a wide discretion инструкции предоставляют мне большую свободу действий;
      at the discretion of smb. на усмотрение кого-л.;
      I leave it to your discretion делайте, как вы считаете нужным;
      to use one's discretion решать, действовать по своему усмотрению;
      at discretion по собственному усмотрению;
      to surrender at discretion безоговорочно сдаться на милость победителя;
      discretion is the better part of valour следует избегать ненужного риска (обыкн. как шутливое оправдание трусости)

      Примеры использования

      1. Thither, too, thronged the plebeian classes, as freely as their betters, and in larger number. Just within the entrance, however, stood two serving-men, pointing some of the guests to the neighborhood of the kitchen, and ushering others into the statelier rooms—hospitable alike to all, but still with a scrutinising regard to the high or low degree of each. Velvet garments, sombre but rich, stiffly-plaited ruffs and bands, embroidered gloves, venerable beards, the mien and countenance of authority, made it easy to distinguish the gentleman of worship, at that period, from the tradesman, with his plodding air, or the laborer, in his leathern jerkin, stealing awe-stricken into the house which he had perhaps helped to build. One inauspicious circumstance there was, which awakened a hardly concealed displeasure in the breasts of a few of the more punctilious visitors. The founder of this stately mansion—a gentleman noted for the square and ponderous courtesy of his demeanor—ought surely to have stood in his own hall, and to have offered the first welcome to so many eminent personages as here presented themselves in honor of his solemn festival. He was as yet invisible; the most favored of the guests had not beheld him. This sluggishness on Colonel Pyncheon's part became still more unaccountable, when the second dignitary of the province made his appearance, and found no more ceremonious a reception. The lieutenant-governor, although his visit was one of the anticipated glories of the day, had alighted from his horse, and assisted his lady from her side-saddle, and crossed the colonel's threshold, without other greeting than that of the principal domestic. This person—a gray-headed man, of quiet and most respectful deportment—found it necessary to explain that his master still remained in his study, or private apartment; on entering which, an hour before, he had expressed a wish on no account to be disturbed. "Do not you see, fellow," said the high sheriff of the county, taking the servant aside, "that this is no less a man than the lieutenant-governor? Summon Colonel Pyncheon at once! I know that he received letters from England this morning; and, in the perusal and consideration of them, an hour may have passed away without his noticing it. But he will be ill-pleased, I judge, if you suffer him to neglect the courtesy due to one of our chief rulers, and who may be said to represent King William, in the absence of the governor himself. Call your master instantly!" "Nay, please your worship," answered the man, in much perplexity, but with a backwardness that strikingly indicated the hard and severe character of Colonel Pyncheon's domestic rule; "my master's orders were exceedingly strict; and, as your worship knows, he permits of no discretion in the obedience of those who owe him service. Let who list open yonder door; I dare not, though the governor's own voice should bid me do it!" "Pooh, pooh, master high sheriff!" cried the lieutenant-governor, who had overheard the foregoing discussion, and felt himself high enough in station to play a little with his dignity. "I will take the matter into my own hands. It is time that the good colonel came forth to greet his friends, else we shall be apt to suspect that he has taken a sip too much of his Canary wine, in his extreme deliberation which cask it were best to broach, in honor of the day! But since he is so much behindhand, I will give him a remembrancer myself!" Accordingly, with such a tramp of his ponderous riding-boots as might of itself have been audible in the remotest of the seven gables, he advanced to the door, which the servant pointed out, and made its new panels re-echo with a loud, free knock. Then, looking round, with a smile, to the spectators, he awaited a response. As none came, however, he knocked again, but with the same unsatisfactory result as at first. And now, being a trifle choleric in his temperament, the lieutenant-governor uplifted the heavy hilt of his sword, wherewith he so beat and banged upon the door, that, as some of the bystanders whispered, the racket might have disturbed the dead. Be that as it might, it seemed to produce no awakening effect on Colonel Pyncheon. When the sound subsided, the silence through the house was deep, dreary, and oppressive, notwithstanding that the tongues of many of the guests had already been loosened by a surreptitious cup or two of wine or spirits.
        Шло время, а он все не появлялся. Наконец присутствовавший среди гостей лейтенант-губернатор решил позвать хозяина к столу. Он подошел к двери приемной и постучал. Но ответа не последовало. Когда затих стук, в доме царило глубокое, страшное, тяготившее душу молчание.
        Дом о семи шпилях. Натаниэль Готорн, стр. 8
      2. Since I have arrived at years of discretion and become my own master, I have been constantly seeking him, but all in vain.
        С тех пор как я стал взрослым, с тех пор как я свободен и завишу только от себя, я разыскиваю его, но тщетно.
        Граф Монте Кристо 2 часть. Александр Дюма, стр. 187
      3. "Kitty has no discretion in her coughs," said her father; "she times them ill."
        — Китти у нас ни с чем не считается, — сказал отец. — Вечно она кашляет невпопад.
        Гордость и предубеждение. Джейн Остин, стр. 3

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