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Слово "principal". Англо-русский словарь Мюллера

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  1. principal [ˈprɪnsəpəl]
    1. существительное
      1. глава, начальник; патрон; принципал

        Примеры использования

        1. “We have at least an hour before us,” he remarked, “for they can hardly take any steps until the good pawnbroker is safely in bed. Then they will not lose a minute, for the sooner they do their work the longer time they will have for their escape. We are at present, Doctor—as no doubt you have divined—in the cellar of the City branch of one of the principal London banks. Mr. Merryweather is the chairman of directors, and he will explain to you that there are reasons why the more daring criminals of London should take a considerable interest in this cellar at present.”
          — У нас впереди по крайней мере час, — заметил он, — так как они вряд ли примутся за дело прежде, чем почтенный владелец ссудной кассы заснет. А когда он заснет, они не станут терять ни минуты, потому что чем раньше они окончат работу, тем больше времени у них останется для бегства… Мы находимся, доктор, — как вы, без сомнения, уже догадались, — в подвалах отделения одного из богатейших лондонских банков. Мистер Мерриуэзер — председатель правления банка; он объяснит нам, что заставляет наиболее дерзких преступников именно в настоящее время с особым вниманием относиться к этим подвалам.
          Приключения Шерлока Холмса. Союз рыжих. Артур Конан-Дойл, стр. 19
        2. In the course of the day of the 29th of January, the island of Ceylon disappeared under the horizon, and the Nautilus, at a speed of twenty miles an hour, slid into the labyrinth of canals which separate the Maldives from the Laccadives. It coasted even the Island of Kiltan, a land originally coraline, discovered by Vasco da Gama in 1499, and one of the nineteen principal islands of the Laccadive Archipelago, situated between 10° and 14° 30' N. lat., and 69° 50' 72" E. long.
          Днем 29 января остров Цейлон скрылся за горизонтом. "Наутилус" со скоростью двадцати миль в час лавировал в лабиринте проливов между Мальдивскими и Лаккадивскими островами. Мы обогнули остров Киттан, кораллового происхождения, открытый Васко де Гама в 1499 году, один из главных девятнадцати островов Лаккадивского архипелага, лежащего между 10o и 14o30' северной широты и 69o и 50o72' восточной долготы.
          Двадцать тысяч лье под водой. Жюль Верн, стр. 140
      2. ректор университета; директор колледжа или школы

        Примеры использования

        1. and school principals inventive.
          творчество учителей и директоров.
          Субтитры видеоролика " Информация для улучшения образования. Андреас Шляйхер", стр. 8
        2. I met the principal and all.
          Я познакомился с директором школы и со всеми остальными.
          Субтитры фильма "Форрест Гамп / Forrest Gump (1994-06-22)", стр. 2
        3. Then I started walking up the stairs to the principal's office so I could give the note to somebody that would bring it to her in her classroom.
          Я поднялся по лестнице в канцелярию директора, чтобы попросить отнести мою записку сестренке в класс.
          Над пропастью во ржи. Джером Д. Сэлинджер, стр. 203
      3. ведущий актёр; ведущая актриса

        Примеры использования

        1. You dare not, you cannot deny, that you have been the principal, if not the only means of dividing them from each other—of exposing one to the censure of the world for caprice and instability, and the other to its derision for disappointed hopes, and involving them both in misery of the acutest kind."
          Вы не станете, вы не посмеете отрицать, что являетесь главной, если не единственной причиной разрыва. Бингли заслужил из-за него обвинение в ветрености и непостоянстве, а Джейн — насмешку над неоправдавшимися надеждами. И они оба не могли не почувствовать себя глубоко несчастными.
          Гордость и предубеждение. Джейн Остин, стр. 163
      4. юридический, правовой — главный виновник
      5. экономика; народное хозяйство — основная сумма, капитал (сумма, на которую начисляются проценты)
      6. строительство, стройка — стропильная ферма
    2. имя прилагательное
      1. главный, основной;
        principal sum основной капитал

        Примеры использования

        1. He was very fond of flying fish as they were his principal friends on the ocean.
          Он питал нежную привязанность к летучим рыбам — они были его лучшими друзьями здесь, в океане.
          Старик и море. Эрнест Хемингуэй, стр. 12
        2. Thither, too, thronged the plebeian classes, as freely as their betters, and in larger number. Just within the entrance, however, stood two serving-men, pointing some of the guests to the neighborhood of the kitchen, and ushering others into the statelier rooms—hospitable alike to all, but still with a scrutinising regard to the high or low degree of each. Velvet garments, sombre but rich, stiffly-plaited ruffs and bands, embroidered gloves, venerable beards, the mien and countenance of authority, made it easy to distinguish the gentleman of worship, at that period, from the tradesman, with his plodding air, or the laborer, in his leathern jerkin, stealing awe-stricken into the house which he had perhaps helped to build. One inauspicious circumstance there was, which awakened a hardly concealed displeasure in the breasts of a few of the more punctilious visitors. The founder of this stately mansion—a gentleman noted for the square and ponderous courtesy of his demeanor—ought surely to have stood in his own hall, and to have offered the first welcome to so many eminent personages as here presented themselves in honor of his solemn festival. He was as yet invisible; the most favored of the guests had not beheld him. This sluggishness on Colonel Pyncheon's part became still more unaccountable, when the second dignitary of the province made his appearance, and found no more ceremonious a reception. The lieutenant-governor, although his visit was one of the anticipated glories of the day, had alighted from his horse, and assisted his lady from her side-saddle, and crossed the colonel's threshold, without other greeting than that of the principal domestic. This person—a gray-headed man, of quiet and most respectful deportment—found it necessary to explain that his master still remained in his study, or private apartment; on entering which, an hour before, he had expressed a wish on no account to be disturbed. "Do not you see, fellow," said the high sheriff of the county, taking the servant aside, "that this is no less a man than the lieutenant-governor? Summon Colonel Pyncheon at once! I know that he received letters from England this morning; and, in the perusal and consideration of them, an hour may have passed away without his noticing it. But he will be ill-pleased, I judge, if you suffer him to neglect the courtesy due to one of our chief rulers, and who may be said to represent King William, in the absence of the governor himself. Call your master instantly!" "Nay, please your worship," answered the man, in much perplexity, but with a backwardness that strikingly indicated the hard and severe character of Colonel Pyncheon's domestic rule; "my master's orders were exceedingly strict; and, as your worship knows, he permits of no discretion in the obedience of those who owe him service. Let who list open yonder door; I dare not, though the governor's own voice should bid me do it!" "Pooh, pooh, master high sheriff!" cried the lieutenant-governor, who had overheard the foregoing discussion, and felt himself high enough in station to play a little with his dignity. "I will take the matter into my own hands. It is time that the good colonel came forth to greet his friends, else we shall be apt to suspect that he has taken a sip too much of his Canary wine, in his extreme deliberation which cask it were best to broach, in honor of the day! But since he is so much behindhand, I will give him a remembrancer myself!" Accordingly, with such a tramp of his ponderous riding-boots as might of itself have been audible in the remotest of the seven gables, he advanced to the door, which the servant pointed out, and made its new panels re-echo with a loud, free knock. Then, looking round, with a smile, to the spectators, he awaited a response. As none came, however, he knocked again, but with the same unsatisfactory result as at first. And now, being a trifle choleric in his temperament, the lieutenant-governor uplifted the heavy hilt of his sword, wherewith he so beat and banged upon the door, that, as some of the bystanders whispered, the racket might have disturbed the dead. Be that as it might, it seemed to produce no awakening effect on Colonel Pyncheon. When the sound subsided, the silence through the house was deep, dreary, and oppressive, notwithstanding that the tongues of many of the guests had already been loosened by a surreptitious cup or two of wine or spirits.
          Шло время, а он все не появлялся. Наконец присутствовавший среди гостей лейтенант-губернатор решил позвать хозяина к столу. Он подошел к двери приемной и постучал. Но ответа не последовало. Когда затих стук, в доме царило глубокое, страшное, тяготившее душу молчание.
          Дом о семи шпилях. Натаниэль Готорн, стр. 8
        3. From my seat I could look down on Thornfield: the grey and battlemented hall was the principal object in the vale below me; its woods and dark rookery rose against the west.
          С моего места мне хорошо был виден весь Торнфильд; подо мной, в центре долины, высился серый массив дома с зубчатыми стенами: он резко выделялся на фоне рощицы с черными грачиными гнездами.
          Джейн Эйр. Шарлотта Бронте, стр. 120
      2. ведущий;
        principal staff ответственные сотрудники или работники

        Примеры использования

        1. Mr. Bingley had soon made himself acquainted with all the principal people in the room; he was lively and unreserved, danced every dance, was angry that the ball closed so early, and talked of giving one himself at Netherfield.
          Мистер Бингли вскоре перезнакомился почти со всеми присутствовавшими. Он был оживлен и любезен, участвовал в каждом танце, жалел о слишком раннем окончании бала и даже упомянул вскользь, что не мешало бы устроить бал в Незерфилде.
          Гордость и предубеждение. Джейн Остин, стр. 7
      3. грамматика — главный;
        principal clause главное предложение;
        principal parts of the verb основные формы глагола

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